Al-Fakhr al-Razi (1149–1209)

Al-Fakhr al-Razi was born in 1149 in Ray, Iran. He was a distinguished Muslim scholar who contributed to philosophy, theology, and medicine. His early education laid the groundwork for his later pursuits.

In philosophy, al-Razi delved into the works of Aristotle and other Greek thinkers. He shaped the Islamic philosophical tradition. The themes he explored included existence, knowledge, and ethics.

Al-Fakhr al-Razi also addressed complex theological issues and indulged in various debates. He also wrote extensively on divine attributes and human free will, and staked out definitive positions of his own with respect to the problem of providing real definitions, the distinction between essence and existence, the principles of physics, the unity of the human soul, and the source of ethical norms.

In the field of medicine, al-Razi’s contributions were also notable. His medical writings, particularly “Kitab al-Hawi,” gained influence in the Islamic world and medieval Europe.

Source: Best – Islamic Scholars in History: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy