Total value of financial claims on a firm's assets. Equals total assets minus net worth.
Limitation of shareholders' losses to the amount invested.
Rights only to specifically stipulated assets to satisfy an unpaid debt.
Line of Credit
Agreement by a bank that a company may borrow at any time up to an established limit.
A written contract between a lender and a borrower that sets out the rights and obligations of each party regarding a specified loan.
Loans with service charge
The Council of the Islamic Fiqh Academy established by the Organisation of Islamic Conference in its third session held in Amman, Jordan from 8 to 13 Safar 1407 H (11-16 October 1986), in response to a query from the Islamic Development Bank has resolved that it is permitted to charge a fee for loan related service offered by an Islamic Bank. However, this fee should be within actual expenditures and any fee in excess to actual service related expenses is forbidden because it is considered usurious. See Qard Hasan.
That portion of a fund's earnings or permanent capital designated by the board of directors as a reserve against possible loan losses and, as such, unavailable for lending purposes.