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Ibn Taymiyyah (1263–1328)

Ibn Taymiyyah was born in 1263. He was a well-known Muslim scholar who had amajor impact on Islamic beliefs and laws. He was from Damascus, Syria and spent his life studying various aspects of Islam.

Ibn Taymiyyah wrote a great deal about theology, Islamic philosophy, and laws, stressing the importance of going back to the main sources of Islam, the Qur’an and the Hadith. One of his important works, “Al-Aqeedah al-Wasitiyyah,” focused on beliefs and theology, where he presented his views. Ibn Taymiyyah strongly defended Islamic monotheism (Tawhid) and criticised what he saw as incorrect practices.

His influence also reached into politics and society. His thoughts on the relationship between rulers and people, found in works like “As-Siyasah ash-Shar’iyyah,” had a lasting effect on discussions about how Islamic societies should be governed.

Even though some of his ideas were debated, Ibn Taymiyyah’s works are still studied, and his direct and clear interpretation of Islamic texts has shaped discussions about theology and laws in the Islamic tradition.

Source: Best Diploats.org – Islamic Scholars in History