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Al-Mawardi (972–1058)

Al-Mawardi was born in 972 in Basra, Iraq. He was a notable Muslim scholar, jurist, and political theorist and his contributions mainly focused on Islamic law (Shari’ah) and political philosophy.

His most famous book, “Al-Ahkam al-Sultaniyya” (The Laws of Islamic Governance), is a comprehensive guide on political theory. In this book, Al-Mawardi delved into the principles of leadership, the duties of rulers, and the dynamics between rulers and their subjects. His work influenced the development of political, together with the science of sociology. He also wrote on the subject of “Ethics” in his book “Kitaab adaab al-dunya wa al-din”.

Source: Best Diploats.org – Islamic Scholars in History: Wikipedia